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News 10/26/2017

Curcumin: new positive results in gastrointestinal barrier maintenance

A new double-blind placebo-controlled human studyI reveals that a short-term dietary curcumin-based supplementation may be helpful in the maintenance of the gastrointestinal barrier integrity and physiological strain responses during exertional heat stress. The study has been conducted independently by a team of American researchers at the High Point University (NC).

Curcumin: new positive results in gastrointestinal barrier maintenance
(Photo: indena)

This independent human study was the first to examine Meriva® potential on system-level physiology responses during exertional heat stress.

A new double-blind placebo-controlled human studyI reveals that a short-term dietary curcumin-based supplementation may be helpful in the maintenance of the gastrointestinal barrier integrity and physiological strain responses during exertional heat stress. The study has been conducted independently by a team of American researchers at the High Point University (NC).

The study examined an acute supplementation regimen, where participants ingested 5 tablets (500 mg each) of Meriva® curcumin or placebo for three days prior to exertional heat stress (EHS). This dosing strategy was selected with reference to those used in two recent clinical studies demonstrating the positive effects of Meriva® on healthy inflammatory responses to endurance cyclingII and on reducing inflammatory cytokines in circulation.III

EHS was performed in a Darwin chamber (37 °C/25 % RH) where the participants completed 1 hour of treadmill exercise. Before the test, subjects were supplemented with the same daily dose of Meriva®. There were two major findings in this study. First, it demonstrates that dietary curcumin supplementation may reduce the rise in core temperature (Tc), mean body temperature (Tb), Heart Rate (HR) and Physiological Strain Index (PSI) during exertional heat stress. Second, it shows that these changes are accompanied by maintenance in GI barrier integrity and associated cytokine responses, as indicated by the lower circulating concentrations of Intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I- FABP) post-exercise in subjects supplemented with curcumin (58 % vs 87 % in the placebo group, p = 0.002). These data suggest that short-term dietary curcumin supplementation may help to lower EHS risk in non-heat acclimated individuals. This study was the first to examine curcumin for potential benefits on system-level physiology responses during exertional heat stress.

I Szymanski MC et al., Short-term dietary curcumin supplementation reduces gastrointestinal barrier damage and physiological strain responses during exertional heat stress J Appl Physiol, September 2017. Doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00515.2017.
II Sciberras JN et al., The effect of turmeric (Curcumin) supplementation on cytokine and inflammatory marker responses following 2 hours of endurance cycling. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 12:5, 2015.
III McFarlin BK et al., Reduced inflammatory and muscle damage biomarkers following oral supplementation with bioavailable curcumin. BBA Clin 5:72-78, 2016.

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